Navedtra 14325 Assignment 1 Skeletal System

Join Mailing ListReport a BugRequest a FeatureDiscussion Group

View BIG list of decks

Back Forum2481500
Greek Vocabulary from Baugh's A New Testament Greek Primer10250
PA-44-180 Aircraft Review for ATP oral8124
Poli. Sci. 2057 Final Exam61119
ISOM 247 Quiz 1 chpt 4 6384
ISOM Quiz II Chpt 76230
sirax - common words deck 26221
expressions tener6149
ISOM 247 Quiz 1 chpt 45696
Gatrulation661
Despereaux5645
morris ch3 B641
Despereaux6624
PATH - ORAL Section 15381
Vet path 5280
certification exam for Maggie5272
Parole da ricordare from Capitolo 4 of Prego5154
DSM-IV Exam 15145
PA 44 oral prep5106
gramatyka 5105
Wastewater Exam 015102
Dos Mundos Capítulo 11593
On Golden Pond Bill Ray583
CS-01 Squadron Staff List572
Tagalog Verbs 1565
Despereaux2563
jazz eth 50b563
Radiation560
Tagalog Animals558
EDUC226 CHTR 1-6553
S.S. Ch14547
Med Term Test 1 2547
Medical Surgical Nursing Ch 24543
Mod C Unit 2 Review542
Vascular Malformations539
TDs 2538
survey of asian art 2535
Robstown Literary Terms533
Latin Primer I 15-16530
Cryptography Algorithms528
Wortschatz Kapitel 4-5527
Jazz Final 2526
AST Test 1523
the infinitive and the gerund as the direct object 2523
Spanish 336-359523
words often confused521
Chapter 4 Vocabulary AP PSYCHOLOGY521
unit 3 vocabbbbb520
BioPsy Ch 14 & 16518
B1900D ELECTRIC LIMITATIONS517
ISOM Quiz III Chpt 9517
Prepositions used with Estar516
APUSH Ch. 19 Studyguide515
Japanese Basic Places513
Infitives Part 1512
Prüfung am 9. Feb511
26 jan k2511
Near Doubles510
verbs of sensation are only followed by adjectives57
On the farm56
Basic Japanese Foods56
anatomy midterm4474
Emergency Medicine 24250
NCE Items4243
Korean Vocab B 4237
ΚΑΝΘΑΡΟΣ altgriechisch-deutsch vokabeln4235
Defining OT Midterm4220
AZ3 test4203
Chapter 5 Human Body in Health and Disease4182
Wort fur Wort 2 - Menschliche Beziehungen4177
tagalog grammar4163
xxcdcxxsetxx4162
Deutsch - Einführung A4162
DAO 24158
Multiplication Tables (1 - 12)4156
Dos Mundos Capítulo 124156
MEds test4140
New York Distinctions4138
Reproduction - Medsci4132
Somali Midterm Primer 4114
Unit 3 Bio 197H4107
Vet Sx 497
nervous system - organization - anatomy492
Positioning Test 3491
latin exam 1491
L'abyssin490
Unit 4-1485
4th Grade Fry Words475
Cosmetology - Anatomy and Physiology474
PPE470
Rio Mirage Cafe467
Phrasas Verbs Tif II465
GRE Hit Parade 2465
Russian Vocabulary Words462
SK- 연 Chapter 1462
Russian Vocab: Family, Home, Etc.458
the infinitive and the gerund as the direct object458
Torts I - Midterm Review457
Don't Bug Me455
14144 cpo453
system path452
2nd LAW Part451
Career Development Comps451
Olive Garden Beverage Test450
State&Society1448
CVA448
Japanese For Busy People Chapter 2446
Tagalog Adjectives 1446
survey of asian art 1445
Human Development- School Counseling445
French Vocab 2012443
New B law Deck441
Faux Amis LCIS439
Italian prepositions439
8th grade ELA Vocabulary438
ling quiz 2436
Histoire Medieval 1435
cmun 250 chapter 11434
BYUChem1051434
Lower Leg and Foot Muscles434
ABeka History 11 - Chapter 6 - People433
cmun 250 chapter 10432
COM 417 Exam 2432
Civil Code III430
questions for ch 25430
Definitions for 31-60 of The 91 List430
Motor Control429
Praxis English Content428
Italian PP428
My Neighbourhood427
AP Psychology Chapter One426
Special senses425
15425
Wortschatz 3424
NAVPERS 15665 NAVY UNIFORM REGULATIONS424
ABeka History 11 - Chapter 9 - People and Places424
noun clause's words423
Anatomy of Movement Midterm Review423
Dari Class 1422
Poli Sci IDs 2422
Golden Book List421
Japanese Katakana ハ - ン421
OD 711421
chloe's ere verbs italian420
Latin Primer I 13-14420
Ethics Test 4 Terms420
Module 6 study, GS, Apologia420
AZ STUDY GUIDE419
word usage proglems419
French Sentences - Classroom419
latin ch 16419
Natural Environments - Geography419
Minimus 2419
tagalog: body parts419
Cell Bio Lab quiz 2418
system path male reproductive sys417
latin ch 17417
ICT quiz one417
Robida ID417
Week 1 Bartending415
Top O Beer Test414
Chapter 4 - The Cell in Action414
ABeka History 11 - Chapter 3 - Terms414
ιστημι413
prepositions in combinations only followed by gerund412
infnitives part 2412
Les Questions et Les Reponses412
Johnny Tremain Chapters 5-8412
Vocab column2412
argumentation 324412
enmn sat words 1411
Types of Police Calls49
Wortschatz Quiz am 16. Feb48
Japanese Countries and Majors48
Energy effects Quiz48
earths atmosphere quiz (work)48
ABeka History 11 - Chapter 3 - People and Places46
No oyes ladrar los perros vocab46
Spanish 10013347
MC ANTH 3280
EFB-307 Genetics, F2009 Exam 23280
final-1423251
Bicsi3250
Michigan Real Estate Exam3250
MICB 202: Immunology3249
Pharmacy Abbreviations3223
annie rumsey3220
biology 11123214
SPAN3040 Mid-Term3210
Astronomy 121 first 8 lectures3209
JAP 11013208
Single Herbs 23208
NCEEEE3201
American Payroll Association FPC Test3189
Renal path, phys, pharm3187
Las medias rojas3181
Az zips3180
Bennett Test 3-7,8,11,12,283176
NC Psychology Ethics Review3170
Animal Science Vocabulary3162
Head and Neck Test 13160
perception3154
Level II Upper Elbow3152
Medical terminology3149
4. Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis3144
ULTRASONIC TESTING3142
frea01redac3141
bio 212 final3139
Pathology Chapter 17 review questions Gastrointestinal Tract*3138
Dos Mundos Capítulo 133137
SCWS Study3136
french test 2 words3134
Negotiation Terminology3133
Normal Female Pelvis3132
Podręcznik semestr 13125
Russian Vocabulary3123
Triangulo La Salud Vocabulario3123
Multistate Torts3123
destination codes3122
911 Phoenix Operator 3121
Nursing Fundamentals 13120
El Décimo - VSA3120
G131 Kapitel Drei3116
StratComm13115
NBCOT review3115
ISS Unit 33115
Bio 345 Lecture Final3113
Week II - more nervous system basics3113
contracts exam review3112
New York Torts3112
Pharmacology Midterm Exam Chapters 1-163110
German 8 Vocabulary3107
Pharmacology Conversions3106
Spanish Ch. 43105
mixed MBE3102
308 second half lecture 3101
VOCPASAJESCHAP5-63100
DIGITAL IMAGING COMMON MISTAKES399
neurotransmitters 2398
corporal board questions398
Spanish Vocab Chap 4397
CJPEE396
Perineum Part II Morse Anatomy Block II Unit II394
RCC Midterm391
Biology 101 Chapter 1-3 Test391
nervous system - anatomy391
Verbos de Espanol390
Latin Primer I Week 1 - 7390
Microbio Comprehensive389
First Aid--Pharmacology--Antimicrobials389
SPN 100 final388
nutr 240 chap 8 and 9388
Chpter 12 Questions388
Teach Yourself Hindi Chapter 14387
UFARS Codes387
Rijad Vocab386
Exam Revision385
Five Elements385
Vistas Lección 12: La vivienda383
Engineering terms for ENGE 1024381
MAT Study Cards380
Renal System KSU-Nursing379
psych 201 chap 6 and 7379
Western Art I 2378
Japanese Alphabet Starter378
Phrasal verb TIF IV376
Spanish Leccion 11373
Column 3373
PSY 101 final373
rachels deck373
National MFT Research372
Semester 2 Spanish Final372
Physics Chapter 15-US371
AP PSYCHOLOGY! STUDYYYY! :)371
Anatomy and Physiology Lab371
sdfdhf370
CVC and CVCV Words370
CLC 1370
Oceanography Midterm 1370
mcgillchem370
1C052 2370
Capitulo 4 BARD368
PTCE need to know368
dos palabras meo367
Entre Nosotros Ch. 6 Vocab367
Statistics- School Counseling364
HOSA Pharmacology test364
History Unit Three Exam364
Recipies364
APUSH TERMS 501-600364
survey of african art 3362
Western Art I 3362
prep 8,10,11 colour coding 362
Movie Guide 3362
Movie Guide 1362
non-mbe professional responsibility362
COMM 1302 Exam 3361
Roman Republic Final360
Russian 2 - List 1-42360
Neuropsychology Midterm360
Philosophy Moral Theories360
Anatomy Physiology BIO-163 Chapters 1-3360
Test 3 Microeconomics-AlHmoud359
Spanish Leccion 10359
PHL final cards359
Terms - April 2010358
Culinary Test 2358
B Cells & Antibodies357
nutr chap 11357
Psych Lecture 19356
Chinese verbs SWUN356
course 14 behavior355
greek ch 6ad vocab355
pathology reproductive355
Personality Theories: Chapter 1355
Nursing Week 4 Chapter 5 and math354
Anth Exam 4354
Russian Numbers, Days, Months353
The World and Its People 2005353
Spanish Vocabulary Unit 2 Section 2353
Baking and Food Science353
Delo History 2352
Emotion and Memory4351
Spanish Leccion 8351
human and sheep brain anatomy in marieb351
Genki Vocab. 12351
Number words351
German 430 Q3350
parasite350
Rijad Phrases349
SOaudshuf349
Lord of the Flies Vocabulary mlelfb349
Immunology 15349
CV Drugs349
Humanities Industrial Revolution349
Mus History Revision348
General Pharm Abbre348
DI 347
G113 Vocab Test 2347
Chapter 16 BMR347
BIOEN502347
Genki Vocab. 13346
PSCI 1050 Exam 2345
AS1 rv1 Study Guide345
Jean de Florette345
Oxford 3000344
NEETS MOD 18 ASSIGNMENT 1344
BOTANY FLASHCARDS344
日本語能力試験一級の漢字344
World History344
Business Association Flashcards343
Psych 346 Exam 2 3342
Spanish Preposition341
Minimus II341
kean anat 1340
Allied Health Chapter 1340
World Music Test 1340
Muscle testing339
ABeka History 7 - Unit 2, Chap. 6 Checkup339
Group Counseling338
Models of sport psychology 338
Evidence: Goldman 2338
espm 114 midterm two338
Korean Vocabulary - Time338
fdhdsh337
Katakana Flash Cards337
LVN Pharmacology 337
Hearing Conservation337
Biology 1113 exam 3337
Verbs that require prepositions337
Colored Stone Essentials Vocabulary Chapter 3336
Mental Health - Anger & Aggression335
hsrey tst 9 tcs335
unit 10 instrument transfer335
Psych 346 - exam 3335
Managerial Accouting334
sirax - common words 3334
psych 331 thinking about crime334
Anat- Abdominal Wall Muscles334
Spanish PE334
Week 5 Combining Forms334
Biology Chapter 7334
Kyle's Drugs333
sirax deck 1333
Esperanto Prepositions333
Nursing:Unit 1-Management of Care333
Genetics Problems333
Econ Chapter 3332
Radio & 10-4332
Chapter 6 Biology 101 KD332
Procedures Test 2-Spine Pathology, etc.332
Health Knowledge Bowl - Systems - Set Three332
Athenaze Vocab Chapter 1332
philosophy midterm 1400331
Health Knowledge Bowl - Legal - Set One331
Ch. 15- the social and emotional brain330
Latin Primer I 9-10330
sirax - common words330
KVpart 2330
biol 111 lab 4 KD330
Contracts Cases330
Health Knowledge Bowl - Academic Foundations - Set Ten330
Health Knowledge Bowl - Academic Foundations - Set Seven330
med term, combining forms330
Oxoanions330
AP Psychology Vocab Chapter 10329
Decamper kanji329
glossary of plant terms KD329
California Real Estate Exam Practice (Multiple Choice)329
8 - Muscle Metabolism329
PLS 205 Exam 1328
Psych 346 Implicit memory328
psych chapter 7 KD328
Spanish 3 Verbs Eckles328
World History Unit 1 Vocab328
Thai intermediate328
Personal Finance Chapter 10327
Music Exam III327
Fascinating Planet Facts327
ES10 Midterm 1327
tagalog fruits and vegetables326
Chapter 18 AP Psychology Vocabulary326
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocab326
R1C326
Italian Grammar - Passato Remoto326
Starcontracts325
system path neuro325
W2325
Chpt16325
Presidential stack 325
Introduction to Sociology 191

Transcript of Assignment 1: Structure and Function of the Skeletal System

Principles of Anatomy and Physiology:
1.1 Structure of the Skeletal System

Learning Intentions
P1: To describe the structure and function of the skeletal system
To know all three classifications of joint and the movement available at each
P2: To describe the different classifications of joints
P1: Structure of the skeletal system
The skeletal system is made up of:
Bones
Cartilage
Joints
The function of the skeletal system is to provide:
Protection
Shape
Support
Movement
Blood production
Joints are also important, giving you the freedom to flex or rotate parts of your body. However this gets harder with age, as your bones lose their strength and density.
The human body is made up of 206 bones, which are divided into two groups: 80 form your axial skelton; the other 126 form your appendicular skelton.
P1: Bones of the Human Skeleton
Label the bones of the human skeleton.
P1: Axial Skeleton
The axial skeleton forms the main axis or core of your skeletal system, it is made up of 80 bones and consists of the:

Skull (cranium andd facial bones)
Thorax (sternum and ribs)
Vertebral column

Task: colour in the axial section of the skeleton

Task: Label the axial skeleton

P1: Appendicular Skeleton
The appendicular skeleton consists of the shoulder and the pelvic girdle

The shoulder girdle consists of four bones which connect the limbs of the upper body to the thorax
2 clavicles
2 scapulae

The upper limbs consist of 60 bones. Each upper limb is made up of:
1 humerus
1 radius
1 ulna
8 carples
5 metacarpals
14 phalanges

P1: Appendicular Skeleton
The pelvic girdles main function is to provide a solid base through which to transmit the weight of the upper body and protect the digestive and reproductive organs. The pelvic girdle consists of three bones:
Ilium
Pubis
Ischium

The lower limbs consist of 60 bones. Each lower limb is made up of:
1 femur
1 tibua
1 fibua
1 patella
7 tarsals
5 metatarsals
14 phalanges

The principle function of the pelvic girdle is to provide a solid base through which to transmit the weight of the upper body. It also provides attachment for muscles of the lower back and legs, and protects the digestive and reproductive organs.
P1: Appendicular Skeleton
P1: Types of major bone
Task: Watch the following video and answer the questions
P1: Types of major bone
Bones vary in shape and size according to their location and function. They are classified as follows:

• Long bones
• Short bones
• Flat bones
• Sesamoid bones
• Irregular bones

Long
bones:
are found in the limbs such as the femur, tibia, and fibula. They have a shaft known as the diaphysis and two expanded ends known as the epiphysis.
Short bones:
are small, light, strong, cubed shaped bones. The carpals and tarsals are of the wrists and ankles are examples of short bones.
P1: Types of major bone
Sesamoid bones:
have a specialised function. They are usually found within a tendon such as the patella in the knee.
Irregular bones:
have complex shapes that for none of the above categories. The bones of the spine are a good example.
Flat bones:
are thin, flattened and slightly curved, and have a large surface area, examples include the scapula, sternum, and cranium.
Write the following term into your workbooks:

Anterior: To the front or in front
Posterior: To the rear of behind
Medial: Towards the midline
Lateral: Away from the midline
Proximal: Near to the root or orgian
Distal: Away from the root or orgian
Superior: Above
Inferior: Below
Anatomical Terms
Anatomical Positions
P1: Vertebral Column
The vertebrae column has many functions. It protects the spinal cord and supports the ribcage. The larger vertebrae of the lumbar region support a large amount of body weight. The flatter thoracic vertebrae offer attachment for the large muscles of the back and the curves of the spine – four in all. These, along with the intevertebral discs, receive and distribute impact associated with the dynamic functioning of the body in action, reducing shock.

The vertebrae can be classified as:
Cervical vertebrae (in the neck)
Thoracic vertebrae (in the chest region)
Lumbar vertebrae (in the small of the back)
Sacral vertebrae (fused vertebrae that form the sacrum)
Coccygeal vertebrae (fuses vertebrae that form the coccyx)

Label the vertebrae column:

Using the image in your books label the anatomical positions.
Principles of Anatomy and Physiology:
1.2 Function of the skeletal system

Learning Intentions
To know the function of the skeletal system
P1: Function
Support: Your bones give your body shape and provide a frame work for the soft tissues of your body.
Protection: Your skeleton protects vital tissues and organs in your body e.g. cranium (brain),rib cage (lungs), vertebrae (spinal column) .
Movement: Parts of your skeleton provide a surface for your skeletal muscles to attach to, allowing you to move. Muscles pulling on bones act as leavers and movement occurs at joints so you can walk, run, jump etc.
Blood cell production: Blood vessels feed the centre of your bones and stored within them is bone marrow. Blood cell production in prevalent in long bones e.g. femur, fibula and tibula.
Store minerals: None is a reservoir for minerals such as calcium and phosphorus, essential for bone growth and the maintenance of bone health.
P2: Joint Classification
A joint is formed where two or more bones meet. The function of a joint is to hold bones together and allow movement.

There are three classifications of joints:

Fixed / immovable (fibrous)
Slightly movable (cartilaginous)
Freely moveable (synovial)


Fixed joints
Are also known as fibrous or immovable joints, they do not move. They interlock and overlap and are held together by bands of tough fibrous tissue e.g. the plates in your cranium.
Slightly movable
These joints allow slight movement. The ends of the bone are covered in articular or hyaline cartilage that reduces friction. Slight movement at these articulating surfaces is made possible because the pads of cartilage compress e.g. between most vertebrae.
P2: Joint Classification
P1: Vertebrae Column
Cervical: the vertebrae of the neck. The first two are known as atlas (C1) and axis (C2). They form a pivot that allows the head and neck to move freely. There are 7 vertebrae in this area (C1-C7)

Thoracic: the vertebrae of the mid spine, which articulate with the ribs. The thoracic section has12 vertebrae (T1-T12).

Lumbar: the largest of the moveable vertebrae, situated in the lower back. They support more weight than other vertebrae and provide attachment for many of the muscle in the lower back. The lumber has 5 vertebrae (L1-L5).


Sacrum: Five sacral vertebrae are fused to form the sacrum, a triangular bone located below the lumber vertebrae. It forms the back wall of the pelvic girdle, sitting between tow hip bones.

Coccyx: at the bottom of the vertebral column there are four coccygeal vertebrae, which are fused to form the coccyx or tail bone.
Synovial joints / freely moveable
joints offer the highest level of mobility at a joint. These joints make up most of the joints of your limbs. They are surrounded by a
fibrous capsule
, lined with a
synovial membrane.
When movement occurs the synovial membrane secretes a fluid known as
synovial fluid
into the joint cavity to lubricate and nourish the joint. The synovial fluid acts like a buffer between articulating bones to prevent injury. The
joint capsule
is held together by though bands of connective tissue known as
ligaments
. This provides the strength to avoid dislocation, while being flexible enough to allow movement.
The characteristics of a synovial joint are:

An outer sleeve or joint capsule to help to hold the bones in place and protect the joint

A synovial membrane, secreting synovial fluid to lubricate the joint

A joint cavity - the cap between the articulating bones

Articular cartilage on the ends of the bones to provide a smooth and slippery covering to stop the bones knocking or grinding together

Ligaments to hold the bones together
P2: Types of Synovial Joints
Hinge - Allows movement in one direction e.g. flexion/extension at the knee/elbow joint - kicking a football.



Ball and socket - The round end of one bone fits into a cup shaped socket in the other bone, allowing movement in all directions e.g. Flexion/Extension/Adduction/Abduction/Internal & External Rotation at the hip and shoulder joint - front crawl



Condyloid/Ellipsoid - Movement is backwards and forwards and from side to side e.g. Flexion/Extension/Adduction/ Abduction/Circumduction at the wrist joint (intercarple) - dribbling in basketball
P2: Types of Synovial Joints
Gliding - These joints allow movement over a flat surface in all directions, but this is restricted by ligaments e.g. carpels and tarsals - dribbling the ball in hockey by moving the hockey stick over and back.


Pivot - A ring of one bone fits over a peg of another, allowing controlled rotational movement, such as the joint of the atlas and axis in the neck e.g bilateral breathing in swimming


Saddle - Movement occurs backwards and forwards and from side to side, like that at the base of the thumb e.g. flexion/Extension/Adduction/Abduction/Circumduction e.g. holding a tennis racket or golf club.
P2: Types of movement
Flexion:
reducing the angle at the joint e.g. bicep curl

Extension:
increasing the angle at a join e.g. straightening your arm to return to your starting position of the bicep curl

Abduction:
movement away from the midline of the body e.g. side step in gymnastics

Adduction
: movement towards the midline of the body e.g. pulling the oars whilst rowing

Rotation:
circular movement of the limb e.g. occurs at the shoulder joint during a serve in tennis

Pronation:
an inward rotation of the forearms so the palm of the wrist is facing backwards and downwards e.g. table tennis forehand top spin

Supination:
an outward rotation of the forearm so that the palm of the hand is facing forwards and upwards e.g. table tennis backhand top spin

Planter-flexion:
points the toes downwards by straightening the ankle e.g. jumping in gymnastics

Dorsi-flexion:
an upward movement, as in moving the foot to pull the toes towards the knee when walking

Hyper-extension:
involves movement beyond the normal anatomical position in a direction opposite to flexion. This occurs at the spine when a cricketer arches their back when approaching the crease to bowl.
Sporting example

when we start to exercise the movements of our joints means that synovial fluid starts to secrete within the joints. The fluid becomes less viscous and therefore the range of movement within the joint increases. An example of this in sport is the need for a warm up for a butterfly swimmer. So they can get the full range of movement at the shoulder joint that area must be warmed up prior to the race.
To know the structure and function of the skeletal system
To describe the axial and appendicular skeleton
To learn the location and names of all major bones
To know all three classifications of joints and the movement available at each
Success Criteria
Label the bones of the human skeleton.
Task: colour in the appendicular section of this skeleton
Q: Name the five types of bones and provide two examples for each
P2: Joint Classification

Full transcript
Categories: 1

0 Replies to “Navedtra 14325 Assignment 1 Skeletal System”

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *