नेताजी सुभाषचन्द्र बोस पर लघु निबंध (Hindi Essay on Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose)
‘तुम मुझे खून देो, मैं तुम्हें आजादी दूँगा।’
यह वाक्य उस धरती के सपूत का है, जिसने जन्मभूमि को अपनी जन्मदात्री से भी बढ़कर श्रेष्ठ माना था। स्वतंत्रता के अमर सेनानी नेताजी सुभाषचन्द्र बोस के विषय में एक कवि की यह लाइन बड़ी ही सटीक और चरितार्थ रूप में सिद्ध होती है-
जन्मदात्री माँ अपरिमित प्रेम में विख्यात है।
किन्तु वह भी जन्मभूमि के सामने बस मात है।।
नेताजी सुभाषचन्द्र बोस का जन्म 23 जनवरी सन् 1897 में उड़ीसा राज्य की राजधानी कटक में हुआ था। आपके पिताश्री जानकीनाथ बोस कटक के सुप्रसिद्ध वकील थे। सुभाष जी के सगे भाई शरत्चन्द्र बोस भी देश भक्तों में उच्च स्थान रखते हैं। नेताजी सुभाषचन्द्र बोस की आरम्भिक शिक्षा एक यूरोपियन स्कूल में हुई। सुभाष जी ने सन् 1913 में मैट्रिक की परीक्षा में कलकत्ता विश्वविद्यालय में दूसरे स्थान को प्राप्त कर लिया। इसके बाद आपको उच्च शिक्षा के लिए कलकत्ता के प्रेजीडेन्सी कालेज में प्रवेश दिलाया गया। इस कालेज का अंग्रेज अध्यापक भारतीयों के अपमान करने के अर्थ में जाना जाता था। नेताजी सुभाषचन्द्र बोस से इस प्रकार का अपमान सहन न हुआ। उन्होंने इस अध्यापक की पिटाई कर दी। इस अपराध के कारण आपको कालेज से निकाल दिया गया। इसके बाद आपने स्काटिश विश्वविद्यालय से स्नातक की परीक्षा प्रथम श्रेणी में उत्तीर्ण किया। इंग्लैंड से आई.सी.एस. की परीक्षा पास करके स्वदेश आकर सरकारी नौकरी करने लगे।
नेताजी सुभाषचन्द्र बोस आराम परस्त जिंदगी से बेहतर स्वराष्ट्र की दशा को आराम-परस्त बनाने के अधिक पक्षधर थे। इसीलिए इन्होंने सरकारी नौकरी पर लात मारकर स्वदेश प्रेम को महत्व दिया।
नेताजी सुभाषचन्द्र बोस भारत को स्वतंत्रत करने के अग्रणीय दूत महात्मा गाँधी के सम्पर्क में सन् 1920 में नागपुर में होने वाले कांग्रेस अधिवेशन के समय आए थे। महात्मा गाँधी के प्रभाव में आकर इन्होंने अनेक प्रकार की यातनाओं के सहते हुए आजादी की साँस लिये बिना विश्राम न करने का दृढ़ संकल्प किया। इसका आजीवन निर्वाह भी किया।
नेताजी सुभाषचन्द्र बोस ने पूर्ण स्वराज्य की प्राप्ति के प्रयास में ‘फारवर्ड ब्लाक’ दल का संगठन किया और आजादी के लिए सक्रिय कदम उठाया। इसी के लिए आपने कांग्रेस दल से त्याग पत्र भी दे दिया था। आपके अथाह उत्साह और अद्भुत सूझ बूझ सहित बेमिसाल योजना के कार्यान्वयन से अंग्रेजी सत्ता काँपने लगी। इसी कारण आपको कई बार गिरफतार किया गया और मुक्त भी किया गया। एक बार आपको आपके घर में ही नजरबन्द कर दिया गया। तब आप वेश बनाकर नजरबन्दी से निकल कर काबुल के मार्ग से जर्मनी जा पहुँचे। उस समय के महान शासक हिटलर ने उनका सम्मान किया। सन् 1942 में नेताजी ने जापान में ‘आजाद हिन्द फौज’ का संगठन किया। नेताजी सुभाषचन्द्र बोस द्वारा गठित यह आजाद हिन्द फौज बहुत ही हिम्मती और बहादुर थी, जिसने अखंड ब्रिटिश सत्ता को कई बार कंपा दिया था। इसके सामने ब्रिटिश शक्ति के पाँव उखड़ने लगे थे। इसी आजाद हिन्द फौज के संगठन के नेतृत्व के द्वारा नेताजी ने सम्पूर्ण गुलाम नागरिकों को उत्साहित करते हुए यह बुलन्द आवाज दी थी- ‘तुम मुझे खून दो, मैं तुम्हें आजादी दूंगा।’ साधनों और सुविधाओं के अभाव को झेलते हुए भी आजाद हिन्द की फौज में अदम्य और अपार शक्ति का संचार था। इसने कई बार अंग्रेज सैन्य शक्ति को कई मोर्चों पर परास्त किया था लेकिन बाद में जर्मनी और जापान के पराजय के फलस्वरूप आजाद हिन्द फौज को भी विवश होकर हथियार डालने पड़े।
23 अगस्त सन् 1945 को टोकियो आकाशवाणी ने नेताजी सुभाषचन्द्र बोस की हार्दिक दुखपूर्ण मृत्यु का समाचार प्रसारित किया। कहा जाता है कि उनकी मृत्यु हवाई जहाज की दुर्घटना के फलस्वरूप हुई थी। अब भी नेताजी के अनन्य श्रद्धालुओं को इस घटना की सत्यता के प्रति आशंका है। वे इसे असत्य ही मानते हैं। ऐसे व्यक्तियों को अब भी नेताजी के जीवित होने से पूर्ण रूप से विश्वास है। कुछ लोगों को अब नेता जी के न होने की धारणा बन गई है। इस प्रकार नेताजी के इस प्रकार से जीवन के अंतिम अध्याय के प्रति रहस्मय स्थिति बनी हुई है।
सम्पूर्ण विश्व में एकमात्र श्रद्धा विश्वास और सम्मान के साथ नेताजी की उपाधि को प्राप्त करने वाले सुभाषचन्द्र बोस की देश भक्ती का आदर्श आज भी हमें प्रेरित और उत्साहित करता है और आने वाली पीढ़ी को भी इसी तरह भाव विभोर करता रहेगा।
Essay on Subhas Chandra Bose
Students are generally assigned to write some paragraphs or full essay on Subhas Chandra Bose during any competition in the school or outside the school. Here we have provided various simple and easy Subhas Chandra Bose essay to help students. You can select anyone of these:
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 1 (100 words)
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23rd of January in 1897 and died on 18th of August in 1945. He was just 48 years old when he died. He was a great leader and Indian nationalist who fought courageously during World War II for the freedom of India from British rule. He was the leader of radical, younger and wing of Indian National Congress during 1920s and 1930s. He became Congress President in 1938 however got expelled in 1939. He was a revolutionary freedom fighter of India who struggled a lot and motivated mass people to involve in freedom struggle.
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 2 (150 words)
Subhas Chandra Bose was a great freedom fighter and national patriot. He was born in the Cuttack in 1897 on 23rd of January in the rich Hindu Kayastha family. He was son Janakinath Bose (father) and Prabhabati Devi (mother). He was 9th sibling among fourteen children of his parents. He completed his initial schooling from Cuttack however matriculation degree from Calcutta and B.A. degree from University of Calcutta (in 1918).
He went to England in 1919 in order to pursue higher studies. He was highly influenced by the Chittaranjan Das (a Bengali political leader) and soon joined freedom struggle of India. He started expressing his views in front of the people through a newspaper called Swaraj. He opposed the British rule and got interested in the Indian politics. Because of his active participation, he was elected as All India Youth Congress President and Bengal State Congress Secretary. He faced lots of hardness in his life however never became hopeless.
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 3 (200 words)
Subhas Chandra Bose was a great and very brave leader of the country who became famous as a Netaji because of his hard works. He was born on 23rd of January in 1897 in a Hindu family in the Cuttack. He was very brave and brilliant from his childhood and physically strong too. He always believed in the violence and even, once he had beaten his European school professor. Later he was expelled from school as a punishment. He passed his B.A. degree successfully from University of Calcutta with first division in 1918. Later he went to England for Tripose degree at Cambridge University. He always wanted to serve his country as a high official.
In order to serve his country for freedom from British rule, he joined Congress movement. Later he was selected as President of Congress in 1939 and then expelled because of his differences with Congress policy. He escaped from India during Second World War and asked Germany for help where he was given military training for two years by the Hitler. He raised there his own Indian National Army by training Indian residents and prisoners of war from Germany, Italy and Japan. He became successful in making a true Indian National Army (means Azad Hind Fauj) with good morale and discipline.
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 4 (250 words)
Subhas Chandra Bose was a most famous legendary figure and brave freedom fighter in the Indian history. His great contributions of freedom struggle are unforgettable in the history of India. He was a real brave hero of the India who had left his home and comfort forever for his motherland. He always believed in violence and chose way of an armed rebellion to get independence from British rule.
He was born in Cuttack, Orissa on 23rd of January in 1897 in the rich Hindu family. His father was Janaki Nath Bose who was a successful barrister and mother was Prabhabati Devi. One he was expelled from the Presidency College Calcutta because of being involved on the attack of British Principal. He brilliantly qualified I.C.S Examination but gave up and joined Non-Co-operation Movement in 1921 to fight for freedom of India.
He worked with the Chittaranjan Das, (a political leader of Bengal) and an educator and journalist in the Bengal weekly called Banglar Katha. Later he became Bengal Congress volunteer’s commandant, Principal of National College, Mayor of Calcutta and then appointed as Chief Executive Officer of Corporation. He went to jail several times for his nationalistic activities however he never gets tired and hopeless. He was elected as President of Congress but once he was opposed by Gandhiji because of some political differences with Gandhiji. He moved to East Asia where he prepared his own “Azad Hind Fauj” (means the Indian National Army) to make India an independent country.
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 5 (300 words)
Subhas Chandra Bose is famous all over the India as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. He was a famous revolutionary figure of the India who had contributed a lot in the freedom of India. He took birth in a rich Hindu family of Cuttack in Orissa on 23rd of January in 1897. His father name was Janakinath Bose, a Government lawyer in the Cuttack District Court and mother was Prabhabati Devi. He got his early education from Anglo-Indian School in Cuttack and graduation in Philosophy from Scottish Church College, University of Calcutta.
He was a very brave and ambitious Indian young man who successfully passed I.C.S. Examination instead he joined Non-co-operation Movement after getting influenced by Desabandhu Chittaranjan Das for his motherland’s freedom. He continuously fought following violence movement against the British rule for independence of us.
He left Congress even after being a president of Congress in 1939 because of some political differences with the Mahatma Gandhi. One day he made his own Indian National powerful party called Azad Hind Fauj as he believed that non-violence policy of Gandhiji was not capable enough to make India an independent country. He finally prepared a big and powerful Azad Hind Fauj to fight with the British rule.
He went to Germany and founded Indian National Army with the help of some Indian Prisoners of war and Indian residents there. After lots of disappointment by the Hitler he went to Japan and gave a famous slogan of “Delhi Chalo” (means March to Delhi) to his Indian National Army where a violent fight took place between Azad Hind Fauj and Anglo-American Forces. Unfortunately, they forced to be surrendered including Netaji. Soon, Netaji left for Tokyo in the plane however plane got crash at Inland of Formosa. It was reported that Netaji killed in that plane accident. The adventurous works of Netaji is still inspires millions of Indian youths to do something for country.
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 6 (400 words)
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was a great patriot and brave freedom fighter of the India. He was a symbol to the nationalism and vibrant patriotism. Every children of India knows about him and his inspiring works for the freedom of India. He was born to the Indian Hindu family in Cuttack, Orissa on January 23rd in 1897. His early schooling was completed to his hometown however he did his matriculation from Presidency College, Kolkata and graduation in Philosophy from Scottish Church College, University of Calcutta. Later he went to England and passed the Indian Civil Service Examination with 4th position.
He was very disappointed with the miserable conditions of the other countrymen because of the bad and cruel behaviour by the Britishers. He decided to join the nationalist movement instead civil service to help people of India through freedom of India. He was influenced a lot with patriot Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das and later elected as Mayor of Kolkata and then President of Indian National Congress. Later he left the party because of the opinion difference with Mahatma Gandhi in 1939. After leaving the congress party, he found his own Forward Bloc party.
He believed that non-violence movement is not enough to get freedom from the British rule so he chose violence movement to bring freedom in the country. He went away from India to Germany and then Japan where he made his own Indian National Army, also known as Azad Hind Fauj. He had included Indian prisoners of war and Indian residents of those countries in his Azad hind Fauj to fight bravely from the British rule. He gave slogan to his army named Delhi Chalo and Jai Hind. He had inspired his army men through his great words of “Give me blood and I will give you freedom” to make his motherland free from the rule of Britishers.
It is considered that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was died in a plane crash in 1945. The bad news of his death had ended all the hopes of his Indian National Army to fight from British rule. Even after his death, he is still alive with his vibrant nationalism in the heart of Indian people as an everlasting inspiration. According to the scholarly opinion, he died because of the third-degree burn due to the overloaded Japanese plane crash. The great works and contributions of the Netaji have been marked in the Indian history as an unforgettable event.
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