Professor Van Epps
23 March 2012
“Am I Blue?” By Alice Walker
This piece is titled, “Am I Blue”, and begins as a story about a horse not far from the author’s home. Although it seems uncomplicated and trivial, the story gains momentum in its purpose quite quickly, the story transforms from a tale of a horse to a comparison between animals and humanity itself. Alice Walker’s purpose in this piece is to convince her reader’s to understand pain and suffering from an unfamiliar aspect and to be aware of the lessons animals can teach us, which she manages to do so quite successfully with her story of Blue. With the many fantastically thought-provoking points that she presents, the piece manages to help her readers empathize with the animal and perhaps even learn a few lessons about the very nature of pain and how indiscriminately that pain can consume not only human beings, but animals as well.
Alice Walker feels strongly that animals, especially horses, possess emotion not unlike that of human beings. She manages to make this point by comparing the pain of the horse to that of known human suffering throughout history and makes the argument that humanity has the ability to empathize and understand these emotions if only enough attention were paid. Walker focuses on the eyes of the horse, claiming “…I had forgotten the depth of feeling one could see in horses’ eyes” (380), and tries to explain to her readers that animals wear their emotions in their eyes to be easily read, “They are in fact completed creations…; it is in their nature to express themselves. And…they are ignored,” (380). This statement from Walker indicates a sense of frustration with humanity’s outlook and treatment of horses and other animals. Walker feels that instead of viewing animals as heartless creatures, perhaps human beings should make more of an attempt to empathize with them by viewing animals as having the same suffering capabilities as human beings.
Walker points out that humanity is perhaps not so different than animals, which is indicated in the actual title of her piece “Am I Blue?” This title, which on the surface can be interpreted as “Am I Sad?”, becomes much clearer as one reads the piece. “Blue” is the name of the lonely horse that she interacts with everyday, and the beginning of the story details the loneliness of this horse and how his actions show that loneliness. It quickly becomes much more complicated as Blue is introduced to a female horse for breeding, as his entire attitude toward life is altered and he becomes content (as is the case in human nature when one finds a mate). When Blue’s mate is taken away after the breeding process is over, Walker observes the level of destruction in his eyes, “If I had been born into slavery, and my partner had been sold or killed, my eyes would have looked like that… It was a look so piercing, so full of grief, a look so human…” (382). Walker compares this event to other more relatable events in humanity such as slavery and the treatment of Native Americans. Walker attempts to create a level of empathy for the suffering of this animal, and tries to help her readers understand that pain is pain, and it is felt by all creatures. Walker’s tone throughout the piece is a solemn one. The feelings that she portrays in her writing help to convince her readers of humanity’s ability to understand animal suffering and through that understanding they are more likely to empathize greatly with Blue’s pain. Once her readers are able to empathize, they are forced to analyze the now less clear differences between human and animal suffering. Walker’s title seems to now indicate the true meaning behind her entire piece: “Am I the same as this horse? Are We All?”
Walker’s comparison to the former mistreatment of Africans or Native Americans also calls to light a remarkable similarity. In essence, these tragedies were the embodiment of misguided power and the destruction of innocence and purity which is also the case for Blue. Walker noted that his eyes began to say something different, something tragic to watch, “…a new look, more painful than the look of despair: the look of disgust with human beings, with life…It gave him, for the first time, the look of a beast” (382). In the piece, it is remarked that a white horse is the “very image of freedom”, which is quite ironic. Walker remarks that “…the animals are forced to become for us merely ‘images’ of what they once so beautifully expressed.” With the use of compare/contrast techniques, Walker points out the irony in humanity’s view of animals. Walker is trying to show that humanity never looks any deeper than the surface and that things are much more complicated than most individuals are prepared to accept. As in the case of slavery, Walker points out that our treatment of animals is what makes them “beasts”.
Walker’s intended audience is a broad one. This piece seems to be directed towards those who do not take animal suffering as a significantly tragic event. Walker is no doubt an animal enthusiast, but instead of taking an angry or even accusing approach, she attempts to instead evoke a sense of understanding from her readers. This story manages to point out to the readers how similar an animal’s pain can be with one’s own, which makes it much harder for an individual to ignore. Walker also points out the significance of animals to humanity, saying, as if from an animal’s perspective “Everything you do to us will happen to you; we are your teachers, as you are ours. We are one lesson” (382). Walker wants her readers to understand and appreciate the innocence and purity of animals. She calls for her readers to be aware of the honesty in the emotions in animals’ eyes and to take note of important lessons that they offer to humanity.
This piece is rich with examples and comparisons that evoke an emotional response about an issue that for which Walker feels very strongly. The storytelling approach that Walker chose to take while writing this piece allows for her readers to become involved with the story and to connect with Blue, with the hope that those readers would become somewhat attached to him and therefore more affected by his pain. Once the readers are affected by Blue’s pain, Walker is able to compare that pain with other, more human experiences with which her readers are able to empathize. The goal of Walker’s piece is attaining empathy, in that it helps her gain a sympathetic ear towards her main point: Animals and humanity are not very different, and humanity should respect animals and what they are able to teach to the world about honesty, purity, and simplicity.
© Copyright 2018 Gina M Brescia. All rights reserved.
AM I BLUE
For about three years my companion and I rented a small house in the country which stood on the edge of a large meadow that appeared to run from the end of our deck straight into the mountains. The mountains, however, were quite far away, and between us and them there was, in fact, a town. It was one of the many pleasant aspects of the house that you never really were aware of this.
It was a house of many windows, low, wide, nearly floor to ceiling in the living room, which faced the meadow, and it was from one of these that I first saw our closest neighbour, a large white horse, cropping grass, flipping its mane, and ambling about – not over the entire meadow, which stretched well out of sight of the house, but over the five or so fenced-in acres that were next to the twenty-odd that we had rented. I soon learned that the horse, whose name was Blue, belonged to a man who lived in another town, but was boarded by our neighbours next door. Occasionally, one of the children, usually a stocky teenager, but sometimes a much younger girl or boy, could be seen riding Blue. They would appear in the meadow, climb up on his back, ride furiously for ten or fifteen minutes. then get off, slap Blue on the flanks, and not be seen again for a month or more.
There were many apple tress in our yard, and one by the fence that Blue could almost reach. We were soon in the habit of feeding him apples, which he relished, especially because by the middle of summer the meadow grasses – so green and succulent since January – had dried out from lack of rain, and Blue stumbled about munching the stalks half-heartedly. Sometimes he would stand very still just by the apple tree, and when one of us came out he would whinny, snort loudly, or stamp the ground. This meant, of course: I want an apple.
It was quite wonderful to pick a few apples, or collect those that had fallen to the ground overnight, and patiently hold them, one by one up to his large, toothy mouth. I remained as thrilled as a child by this flexible dark lips, huge, cube-like teeth that crunched the apples, core and all, with such finality, and his high, broad-breasted enormity; beside which, I felt small indeed. When I was a child, I used to ride horses, and was especially friendly with one named Nan until the day I was riding and my brother deliberately spooked her and I was thrown, head first, against the trunk of a tree. When I came to, I was in bed and my mother was bending worriedly over me; we silently agreed that perhaps horseback riding was not the safest sport for me. Since then I have walked, and prefer walking to horse back riding – but I had forgotten the depth of feeling one could see in horses’ eyes.
I was therefore unprepared for for the expression in Blue’s. Blue was lonely. Blue was horribly lonely and bored. I was not shocked that this should be the case; five acres to tramp by yourself, endlessly, even in the most beautiful of meadows – and his was – cannot provide many interesting, events, and once rainy season turned to dry that was about it. No, I was shocked that I had forgotten that human animals as an nonhuman animals can communicate quite well; if we are brought up around animals as children we take this for granted. By the time we are adults we no longer remember. However, the animals have not changed. They are in fact completed creations (at least they seem to be, so much more than we) who are not likely to change; it is their nature to express themselves. What else are they going to express? And they do. And, generally speaking, they are ignored.
After giving Blue the apples, I would wander back to the house, aware that he was observing me. Were more apples not forthcoming then? Was that to be his sole entertainment for the day? My partner’s small son had decided he wanted to learn how to piece a quilt; we worked in silence on our respective squares as I thought. . .
Well, about slavery: about white children, who were raised by black people, who knew their first all-accepting love from a black women, and then, when they were twelve or so, were told they must “forget” the deep levels of communication between themselves and “mammy” that they knew. Later they would be able to relate quite calmly, “My old mammy was sold to another family.” “My old mammy was — —.” Fill in the blank. Many more years later a white woman would say : “I can’t understand these Negroes, these blacks. What do they want? They’re so different from us.”
And about the Indians, considered to be “like animals” by the “settlers” (a very benign euphemism for what they actually were), who did not understand their descriptions as a compliment.
And about the thousands of American men who marry Japanese, Korean, Filipino, and other non-English-speaking women and of how happy they report they are, “blissfully,” until their brides learn to speak English, at which point the marriages tend to fall apart, What then did the men see, when they looked into the eyes of the women they married, before they could speak English? Apparently only their own reflections.
I thought of society’s impatience with the young. “Why are they playing music so loud?” Perhaps the children have listened to much of the music of oppressed people their parents danced to before they were born, with its passionate but soft cries for acceptance and love, and they have wondered why their parents failed to hear.
I do not know how long Blue had inhabited his five beautiful, boring acres before we moved into our house; a year after we had arrived – and had also travelled to other valleys, other cities – he was still there.
But then, in our second year at the house, something happened in Blue’s life. One morning, looking out the window at the fog that lay like a ribbon over the meadow, I saw another horse, a brown one, at the other end of Blue’s field. Blue appeared to be afraid of it, and for several days made no attempt to go near. We went away for a week. When we returned, Blue had decided to make friends and the two horses ambled or galloped along together, and Blue did not come nearly as often to the fence underneath the apple tree.
When he did, bringing his new friend with him, there was a different look in his eyes. A look of independence, of self possession, and inalienable horseness. His friend eventually became pregnant. For months there was, it seemed to me, a mutual feeling between me and the horses of justice, of peace. I fed apples to them both. The look in Blue’s eyes was one of unabashed “this is itness.”
It did not, however, last forever. One day after visiting the city, I went out to give Blue some apples. He stood waiting, or so I thought, though not beneath the tree. When I shook the tree and jumped back from the shower of apples, he made no move. I carried some over to him. He managed to half-crunch one. The rest he let fall to the ground. I dreaded looking into his eyes – because I had of course noticed that Brown, his partner, had gone – but I did look. If I had been born into slavery, and my partner had been sold or killed, my eyes would have looked like that. The children next door explained that Blue’s partner had been “put with him” (the same expression that people used, I had noticed, when speaking of an ancestor during slavery who had been impregnated by the owner) so that they could mate and she conceive. Since that was accomplished, she had been taken back by her owner, who lived somewhere else.
Will she be back? I asked.
They didn’t know.
Blue was like a crazed person. Blue was, to me, a crazed person. He galloped furiously, as if he were being ridden, around and around his beautiful five acres. He whinnied until he couldn’t. He tore at the ground with his hooves. He butted himself against his single shade tree. He look always toward the road down which his partner had gone. And then, occasionally, when he came up for apples, or I took apples to him, he looked at me. It was a look so piercing, so full of grief, a look so human, I almost laughed (I felt too sad to cry) to think there are people who do not know that animals suffer. People like me who have forgotten, and daily forget, all that animals try to tell us.
“Everything you do to us will happen to you; we are your teachers, as you are ours. We are one lesson” is essentially it, I think. There are those who never once have even considered animals’ rights: those who have been taught that animals actually want to be used and abused by us, as small children “love” to be frightened, or women “love” to be mutilated and raped . . . They are the great-grandchildren of those who honestly thought, because someone taught them this: “Women can’t think,” and “niggers can’t faint.” But must disturbing of all, in Blue’s large brown eyes was a new look, more painful than the look of despair: the look of disgust with human beings, with life; the look of hatred. And it was odd what the look of hatred did. It gave him, for the first time, the look of a beast. And what that meant was that he had put up a barrier within to protect himself from further violence; all the apples in the world wouldn’t change that fact.
And so Blue remained, a beautiful part of our landscape, very peaceful to look at from the window, white against the grass. Once a friend came to visit and said, looking out on the soothing view: “And it would have to be a white horse; the very image of freedom.” And I thought, yes, the animals are forced to become for us merely “images” of what they once so beautifully expressed. And we are used to drinking milk from containers showing “contented” cows, whose real lives we want to hear nothing about, eating eggs and drumsticks from “happy” hens, and munching hamburgers advertised by bulls of integrity who seemed to command their fate.
As we talked of freedom and justice one day for all, we sat down to steaks. I am eating misery, I thought, as I took the first bite and spit it out.