Old Guitarist By Pablo Picasso Essay

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Pablo Picasso The Old Guitarist Painting

Pablo Picasso is considered as one of the institutions of art and up to this time, the works of Picasso have never failed to inspire, persuade, and earn the attention of others. He has contributed an estimated 13,500 masterpieces paintings throughout his 75 years work span and most of the time each painting highly symbolizes the outpour of his emotions at that moment.

Pablo Picasso The Old Guitarist is one of the proofs why the well-known master of art is recognized as the greatest artist of the 20th century. It was created in Madrid in 1903, the time when Picasso’s best friend, Casagemas committed suicide and somehow created so much influence on the so-called “Blue Period” of Picasso.

The monochromatic use of the shade of blue is an exact representation of the things that transpired during that time like melancholy and hopelessness and as Picasso confessed the thought of his friend’s suicide made him started to paint in blue.

The Old Guitarist is one of Picasso’s artworks that highlight the people in the lower class, as the man appears somehow similar to the people on the street begging for pennies and has become the masterpiece that haunted the onlookers for many years. It is painted in oil on a wood panel. The subject is an old man, emaciated, but still holds onto play the guitar. Picasso has effectively outlined the man’s bony frame and profile in order for the painting to create the most remarkable effect.

The effective use of the different shades of blue from the old man’s skin, clothes, to the walls, and the ground on where the man sits has complemented the emotions that the painting is supposed to bring.

It is also noticeable that the painting seems to exaggerate the details to create more dramatic effects. The man’s face appears longer and the feet larger, but aside from those, the painting speaks of real life in every way especially if the viewer will be able to relate it to the real-life situations that the people in the lower class of life usually have to deal with.

Overall, Pablo Picasso The Old Guitarist painting is an exceptional introduction to his outstanding career accomplishments. He was able to highlight the subject matter in every way and the domination of blue has been utilized outstandingly well. The painting appears thickly layered and extra glossy and there is no question about how he expertly made use of the lines, shapes, space, and symmetry with the greatest precision. “The Old Guitarist” unquestioningly speaks of Pablo Picasso’s prowess in every detail.

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Rose Iadsai is the founder of Samui Art Gallery which offer genuine hand-painted oil paintings & oil painting reproductions for sale. Connect with Samui Art on Twitter and Facebook.

The Old Guitarist is an oil painting by Pablo Picasso created late 1903 – early 1904. It depicts an old, blind, haggard man with threadbare clothing weakly hunched over his guitar, playing in the streets of Barcelona, Spain. It is currently on display in the Art Institute of Chicago as part of the Helen Birch Bartlett Memorial Collection.[1]

At the time of The Old Guitarist’s creation, Modernism, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, and Symbolism had merged and created an overall movement called Expressionism which greatly influenced Picasso’s style. Furthermore, El Greco, Picasso’s poor standard of living, and the suicide of a dear friend influenced Picasso’s style at the time which came to be known as his Blue Period.[1] Several x-rays, infrared images and examinations by curators revealed three different figures hidden behind the old guitarist.

Blue Period[edit]

At the time, having renounced his classical and traditional education and searching for fame, Picasso and his friend Carlos Casagemas moved to Paris. A year later, Casagemas became hopelessly miserable from a failed love affair and committed suicide. Picasso was greatly afflicted by this event and was soon depressed and desolate. In addition, Picasso was very poor. His poverty made him identify and relate to beggars, prostitutes and other downtrodden outcasts in society.[1]

These events and circumstances were the impetus for the beginning of Picasso’s Blue Period which lasted from 1901 to 1904. The Blue Period is identified by the flat expanses of blues, greys and blacks, melancholy figures lost in contemplation, and a deep and significant tragedy. After the Blue Period came Picasso's Rose Period, and eventually the Cubism movement which Picasso co-founded.[1]

Analysis[edit]

Elements in The Old Guitarist were carefully chosen to generate a reaction from the spectator. For example, the monochromatic color scheme creates flat, two-dimensional forms that dissociate the guitarist from time and place. In addition, the overall muted blue palette creates a general tone of melancholy and accentuates the tragic and sorrowful theme. The sole use of oil on panel causes a darker and more theatrical mood. Oil tends to blend the colors together without diminishing brightness, creating an even more cohesive dramatic composition.[2]

Furthermore, the guitarist, although muscular, shows little sign of life and appears to be close to death, implying little comfort in the world and accentuating the misery of his situation. Details are eliminated and scale is manipulated to create elongated and elegant proportions while intensifying the silent contemplation of the guitarist and a sense of spirituality. The large, brown guitar is the only significant shift in color found in the painting;[1] its dull brown, prominent against the blue background, becomes the center and focus. The guitar comes to represent the guitarist’s world and only hope for survival. This blind and poor subject depends on his guitar and the small income he can earn from his music for survival. Some art historians believe this painting expresses the solitary life of an artist and the natural struggles that come with the career. Therefore, music, or art, becomes a burden and an alienating force that isolates artists from the world.[3] And yet, despite the isolation, the guitarist (artist) depends on the rest of society for survival. All of these emotions reflect Picasso’s predicament at the time and his criticism of the state of society. The Old Guitarist becomes an allegory of human existence.[1]

In the Old Guitarist, Picasso may have drawn upon George Frederic Watts's painting of Hope (1886), which similarly depicts a hunched, helpless musician with a distorted angular form and predominantly blue tone.[4]

Infrared discoveries[edit]

Recent x-rays and examinations by curators found three figures peering behind the old guitarist’s body. The three figures are an old woman with her head bent forward, a young mother with a small child kneeling by her side, and an animal on the right side of the canvas. Despite unclear imagery in crucial areas of the canvas, experts determined that at least two different paintings are found beneath The Old Guitarist.[5]

In 1998, researchers used an infrared camera to penetrate the uppermost layer of paint (the composition of The Old Guitarist) and clearly saw the second-most composition. By using this camera, researchers were able to discover a young mother seated in the center of the composition, reaching out with her left arm to her kneeling child at her right, and a calf or sheep on the mother’s left side. Clearly defined, the young woman has long, flowing dark hair and a thoughtful expression.[6]

The Art Institute of Chicago shared its infrared images with the Cleveland Museum of Art and the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., where curator William Robinson identified a sketch by Picasso sent to his friend Max Jacob in a letter. It revealed the same composition of mother and child, but it had a cow licking the head of a small calf. In a letter to Jacob, Picasso reveals he was painting this composition a few months before he began The Old Guitarist. Despite these discoveries, the reason Picasso did not complete the composition with a mother and child, and how the older woman fitted into the history of the canvas, remain unknown.[5][6]

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