Essay Function

The conclusion of the essay

The function of the essay's Conclusion is to restate the main argument. It reminds the reader of the strengths of the argument: that is, it reiterates the most important evidence supporting the argument. Make sure, however, that your conclusion is not simply a repetitive summary as this reduces the impact of the argument you have developed in your essay. The conclusion provides a forum for you to persuasively and succinctly restate your thesis given the reader has now been presented with all the information about the topic. Depending on the discipline you are writing in, the concluding paragraph may also contain a reflection on the evidence presented, or on the essay's thesis. The nature of the reflection will depend on your topic (Woodward-Kron, 1997) but questions such as these may be considered:


What is the significance of your findings?
What are the implications of your conclusions for this topic and for the broader field?
Are their any limitations to your approach?
Are there any other factors of relevance that impact upon the topic but fell outside the scope of the essay?
Are their any suggestions you can make in terms of future research?

The conclusion should match the introduction in terms of the ideas presented and the argument put forward. Sometimes you will find that the process of writing has changed what you have argued and so it will be necessary to go back and reword the introduction. Finally, the conclusion is not the place in your essay to introduce new information or new ideas: these should be in the body of your essay.

Essay Question:: Italy on the eve of 1860 has often been described as an unlikely nation. Why?

Before 1860, only a tiny minority of the population believed that Italy could ever become a unified nation under one Italian ruler. Yet, despite this belief and the many obstacles blocking the path to unificationsuch as differences and suspicion between the many regions of the peninsula, the lack of planning and common goals that saw many uprisings fail and the divergent views and politics amongst the men who fought for unity,the Piedmont region emerged "...as the nucleus around which the rest of Italy could gather" (Mack Smith, 1959: 17). On March 17, 1861, the Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed. Italy was no longer a geographical expression, it was a nation.reference to essay question
reiteration of thesis point
overview of main arguments explaining the obstacles to Italy's unification
concluding comment and reference to essay question

1 This essay has been adapted from material developed by R. Woodward-Kron, E. Thomson & J. Meek (2000) Academic Writing: a language based guide (CD-ROM), University of Wollongong



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Hi Liz! Here’s my essay. Could you please assess it?

It is argued that school is basically for young students to mould them into a responsible person towards the society instead of shaping them for their own future success. Personally, I disagree with this view because I believe that getting an education would mostly benefit an individual.

One significant purpose of school is to teach young schoolers a good educarion that would largely benefit their own future. Primarily, they are taught with basic mathematics, reading and writing skills which are essential for their foundation especially for pre-school. For example, they learn problem solving skills in a Mathematics subject that they need later on if they want to come up with a successful business. Moreover, they learn good communication skills that they may apply in their workplace which would greatly mould the children as a better individual. Furthermore, basic good manners and right conduct are also learned in classroom but it is best learned at home with the guidance of the parents.

Being a well-behaved and responsible citizen is not solely learned in the four walls of the classroom. Young students learn how to act accordingly in the society through the virtues imparted by their godparents and what they also saw on television with proper guidance. For example, teachers may tell pre-schoolers not to liter garbage on the environmemt but a parent could largely impact rightful acts towards their children because time spent at home is greater than in school. Likewise, being responsible can be learn in school but it is mostly learn from their parents by doing householdchores. Later on, these skills would significantly help them in their own future career.

In conclusion, school would benefit the individual because it is where they learn all the basics in life that are necessary for their own success. Moreover, some skills are also influence by teachers but parents has a greater significant lessons to teach their growing children.

Thank you, Liz. Godbless you.

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