Republic Day honours the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.
The Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country's transition towards becoming an independent republic. 26 January was chosen as the Republic day because it was on this day in 1930 when Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress as opposed to the Dominion status offered by British Regime.
History of Republic Day
India achieved independence from British Raj on 15 August 1947 following the Indian independence movement noted for largely peaceful non-violent resistance and civil disobedience led by Mahatma Gandhi. The independence came through the Indian Independence Act 1947 (10 & 11 Geo 6 c 30), an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that partitioned British India into the two new independent Dominions of the British Commonwealth (later Commonwealth of Nations). India obtained its independence on 15 August 1947 as a constitutional monarchy with George VI as head of state and the Earl Mountbatten as governor-general. The country, though, did not yet have a permanent constitution; instead its laws were based on the modified colonial Government of India Act 1935. On 28 August 1947, the Drafting Committee was appointed to draft a permanent constitution, with Dr B R Ambedkar as chairman. While India's Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day celebrates the coming into force of its constitution. A draft constitution was prepared by the committee and submitted to the Assembly on 4 November 1947. The Assembly met, in sessions open to public, for 166 days, spread over a period of two years, 11 months and 18 days before adopting the Constitution. After many deliberations and some modifications, the 308 members of the Assembly signed two hand-written copies of the document (one each in Hindi and English) on 24 January 1950. Two days later, it came into effect throughout the whole nation.
The main Republic Day celebration is held in the national capital, New Delhi, at the Rajpath before the President of India. On this day, ceremonious parades take place at the Rajpath, which are performed as a tribute to India; its unity in diversity and rich cultural heritage.
Delhi Republic Day parade
Main article: Delhi Republic Day parade
Delhi Republic Day parade is held in the capital, New Delhi. Commencing from the gates of the Rashtrapati Bhavan (the President's residence), Raisina Hill on Rajpath past the India Gate, this event is the main attraction of India's Republic Day Celebrations lasting three days. The parade showcases India's Defence Capability, Cultural and Social Heritage.
Nine to twelve different regiments of the Indian Army in addition to the Navy, and Air Force with their bands march past in all their finery and official decorations. The President of India who is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, takes the salute. Twelve contingents of various para-military forces of India and other civil forces also take part in this parade.
Main article: Beating Retreat
The Beating Retreat ceremony is held after officially denoting the end of Republic Day festivities. It is conducted on the evening of 29 January, the third day after the Republic Day. It is performed by the bands of the three wings of the military, the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force. The venue is Raisina Hill and an adjacent square, Vijay Chowk, flanked by the North and South block of the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President's Palace) towards the end of Rajpath.
The Chief Guest of the function is the President of India who arrives escorted by the (PBG), a cavalry unit. When the President arrives, the PBG commander asks the unit to give the National Salute, which is followed by the playing of the Indian National Anthem, Jana Gana Mana, by the Army. The Army develops the ceremony of display by the massed bands in which Military Bands, Pipe and Drum Bands, Buglers and Trumpeters from various Army Regiments besides bands from the Navy and Air Force take part which play popular tunes like Abide With Me, Mahatma Gandhi's favourite hymn, and Saare Jahan Se Achcha at the end.
Republic Day parade chief guest
Since 1950, India has been hosting head of state or government of another country as the state guest of honour for Republic Day celebrations in New Delhi. During 1950–1954, Republic Day celebrations were organised at different venues (like Irwin Stadium, Kingsway, Red Fort and Ramlila Grounds). It was only starting 1955 when the parade in its present form was organised at Rajpath. The guest country is chosen after a deliberation of strategic, economic and political interests. During 1950s–1970s, a number of NAM and Eastern Bloc countries were hosted by India. In 1968 and 1974, India played host to two countries on the same Republic Day.
This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.
- 1.^ On each of these occasions, Lady Edwina Mountbatten from United Kingdom was also the official guest for the parade.
- 2.^Duke of EdinburghPrince Philip also accompanied Queen Elizabeth II during the parade.
- 3.^ Danish Prime Minister attended Republic Day in Madras (Chennai).
- 4.^ No invitations were sent out possibly due to the demise of Prime MinisterLal Bahadur Shastri on 11 January 1966 in Tashkent. The new government headed by Indira Gandhi was sworn on 24 January 1966 (only two days before the Republic Day).
- 5.^ For the first time, the President of India (S. Radhakrishnan) could not take the salute at the Republic Day parade due to ill-health. Zahir Shah arrived on 28 January.
- 6.^ Attended only the Beating Retreat
5 times (France, UK)
4 times (Bhutan, Russia/USSR)
Thrice (Indonesia, Mauritius)
Twice (Brazil, Japan, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Singapore,Phillipines Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam)
Republic Day of India | Republic Day Speech | Paragraph on Republic Day | Republic Day Quotes | Republic Day Parade | Slogans on Republic day | Facts about Republic Day of India
Republic Day (26th of January) is a special day for India, celebrated annually as a National Festival all over India to commemorate and honor the day when the Constitution of India came into force (26 January 1950) as the governing document of India.
Essay on Republic Day of India
Republic Day is very important day of the year for the people of India so we celebrate it annually on 26th of January since 1950. Let your kids and children know about the history of celebrating Republic Day in India through the use of very simple essay on Republic Day. All Republic Day essay are simply written especially for the use of kids and children and helping parents to easily find it online on this website under various words limit.
Republic Day Essay 1 (100 words)
Our country, India celebrates the Republic Day every year to honour the date when Constitution of India came into force. The Constitution of India replaced the Government of India Act 1935 as a governing document of India on the special date called 26 January in 1950. It has been declared as the national holiday by the Government of India. People in India enjoy this great day by celebrating in their own way. At this day a parade takes place in the national capital of India, New Delhi at the Rajpath (in front of the India Gate) in the presence of President of India.
Republic Day Essay 2 (150 words)
India celebrates the Republic Day every year on the 26th of January from 1950 when Constitution of India came into force. Republic day in India is of the great importance in the history as it tells us all about each and every struggle of Indian freedom. People who were fighting for Independence of India took a pledge on the same day in 1930 at the banks of Ravi river in the Lahore to achieve a complete independence (means Poorna Swarajya) of India. Which came true a day in 1947 on 15th of August.
On 26th of January in 1950 our country, India was declared as a Sovereign, Secular, Socialistic and Democratic Republic means people of India has the power to govern the country themselves. It is celebrated by organizing a big event with special parade at the Rajpath, New Delhi in the presence of President of India by unfolding the National Flag and singing the National Anthem.
Republic Day Essay 3 (200 words)
Republic day also called as 26 January which is celebrated every year as this day is of great importance for every Indian. Because at this day India was declared as the republic country as well as constitution of India came into force after independence of long years of struggle. India got independence on 15th of August in 1947 and two and half years later it became a Democratic Republic.
It was appointed to the Drafting Committee to draft a permanent constitution of India in the meeting on 28th of August in 1947. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the chairman of Drafting Committee who took responsibilities and submitted the constitution of India to the Assembly on 4th of November in 1947 however it took years to get enforced on 26th of January in 1950 to honour the pledge of “PURNA SWARAJ”.
Republic day is the national holiday in India when people celebrates this great day of honour in their own way by seeing news, speech at schools or get participated in quiz competitions related to freedom of India. At this day a big event gets organized by the Government of India at the Rajpath, New Delhi where a parade takes place by the India army in front of the India Gate in the presence of President of India after unfolding the India Flag and singing National Anthem.
Republic Day Essay 4 (250 words)
In India 26th of January is celebrated as Republic Day every year because constitution of India came into force on this day. It is celebrated as the national festival of India which has been declared as national holiday. Gandhi Jayanti and Independence Day are two another national holidays. On 26th of January in 1950 our country became fully democratic republic after reinforcement of the Constitution of India in the Indian Parliament.
At this day a great Indian army parade takes place which generally starts from the Vijay Chowk and ends at India Gate. Indian army (Army, Navy and Air-force) salutes the President of India while parading on the Rajpath. Indian army display the power of India through the parade and by demonstrating all the great inventions like tanks and big guns. After the army parade, every states of India show their Jhankis displaying their culture and tradition. After that, a tri colour (our honourable National Flag colors like saffron, green and white) flowers showering takes place in the sky by the aeroplanes.
Students celebrate this day in the schools and colleges by organizing great events like parade, Flag unfolding, singing National Anthem, read speech, play roles of freedom fighters, dance, singing, drama play, helping in social campaign, quiz competitions, essay writing, poster display, magic, comedy activities, etc. At this day every Indian should take an oath to make this country peaceful and developed country. At the end, every student gets sweet and namkin and goes to their home happily.
Republic Day Essay 5 (300 words)
26 January is knows as Republic Day which is celebrated by the people of India every year with great joy ad enthusiasm. It is celebrated to honour the importance of being a Sovereign Democratic Republic which was declared after the enforcement of Constitution of India in 1950 on 26th of January. It is celebrated to enjoy and remember the historic Independence of India from the British Rule. 26th of January has been declared as the gazetted holiday all through the country by the Government of India. It is celebrated by the students all over the India by getting participated in the events organized in schools, colleges, universities and other educational institutions.
Government of India organizes an event every year in the National capital, New Delhi where a special parade is held in front of the India Gate. People started to assemble at the Raj Path in the early morning to see the great event. A parade of all three wings of Indian armed forces starts form the Vijay Chowk displaying various arms, weapons, tanks, big guns and etc. Military bands, N.C.C cadets and police also take part in the parade playing different tunes. Some Mini celebrations by the state capitals are also take place in various states in the presence of state governor.
Various states of the country also display particular Jhanki related to their culture, tradition and progress after independence showing the existence of ‘Unity in Diversity in India’. Folk dances are exhibited by people as well as some dancing, singing and instruments plying activities takes place. At the end of event, a tri color (saffron, white and green) flower showering with aeroplanes takes place in the sky showing the symbol of National Flag. Some colourful balloons are also flown in the sky indicating the symbol of peace.
Republic Day Essay 6 (400 words)
Our Motherland India was slave under the British rule for long years during which Indian people were forced to follow the laws made by British rule. After long years of struggle by the Indian freedom fighters, finally India became independent on 15th of August in 1947. After two and half years later Indian Government implemented its own Constitution and declared India as the Democratic Republic. Around two years, eleven months and eighteen days was taken by the Constituent Assembly of India to pass the new Constitution of India which was done on 26th of January in 1950. After getting declared as a Sovereign Democratic Republic, people of India started celebrating 26th of January as a Republic Day every year.
Celebrating Republic Day every year is the great honour for the people living in India as well as people of India in abroad. It is the day of great importance and celebrated by the people with big joy and enthusiasm by organizing and participating in various events. People wait for this day very eagerly to become part of its celebration again and again. Preparation work for the republic day celebration at Rajpath starts a month before and way to India Gate becomes close for common people and security arrangement done a month before to avoid any type of offensive activities during celebration as well as safety of the people.
A big celebration arrangement in the national capital, New Delhi and State capitals takes place all over the India. Celebration starts with the National Flag unfolding by the President of India and singing National Anthem. Following this Indian army parade, state wise Jhankis, march-past, awards distribution, etc activities takes place. At this day, the whole environment becomes full of the sound of National Anthem “Jana Gana Mana”.
Students of schools and colleges are very keen to celebrate this event and starts preparation around a month before. Students performing well in the academic, sports or other fields of education are honoured with the awards, prizes and certificates on this day. Family people celebrate this day with their friends, family and children by participating in activities organized at social places. Every people become ready in the early morning before 8 am to watch the celebration at Rajpath, New Delhi in the news at TV. At this day of great honour every Indian people should sincerely promise to safeguard the Constitution, maintain peace and harmony as well as support in the development of country.
Speech on Republic Day
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